Butterflies have a unique type of eye that is adapted for seeing a wide range of colors and for detecting movement. Butterfly eyes are made up of many small, light-sensitive units called “ommatidia,” which are arranged in a mosaic pattern. Each ommatidium contains a lens and a cluster of photoreceptor cells, which are responsible for detecting light and color.

Butterflies are able to see a wide range of colors, including ultraviolet (UV) light, which is outside the range of human vision. This ability to see UV light is thought to be important for several behaviors, including mating, territorial defense, and finding suitable food sources.

Butterflies also have excellent vision for detecting movement, which is important for avoiding predators and navigating in flight. The eyes of a butterfly are located on the sides of its head, which gives it a wide field of view and helps it to detect movement in all directions.

Overall, the eyes of a butterfly are highly adapted for seeing a wide range of colors and for detecting movement, which are important for the survival and success of these insects.

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