The distribution of a species refers to the geographical area in which the species is found. In the case of butterflies, species distributions are often influenced by a number of factors, such as the availability of suitable habitats, the presence of suitable food sources, and the presence of predators.

Butterflies are found on every continent except Antarctica, and they are distributed across a wide range of habitats, including tropical rainforests, temperate forests, grasslands, and deserts. Within each habitat, there are many different species of butterflies that are adapted to living in that particular environment.

Some species of butterflies have large, widespread distributions, while others have more limited ranges. For example, the monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) has a wide distribution that includes much of North and South America. In contrast, the Miami blue butterfly (Cyclargus thomasi bethunebakeri) is a species that was once found throughout much of Florida, USA, but it is now considered to be a remnant species, with a very small and fragmented distribution.

Remnant species are species that have experienced a significant decline in their population size or range, often as a result of habitat loss, environmental degradation, or other human activities. Many species of butterflies, particularly those that live in specialized habitats or have limited ranges, are considered to be at risk of extinction due to habitat loss and other human activities.

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