Butterflies are generally considered to be solitary insects, and do not form the kind of complex social societies that are seen in some other insects, such as ants or bees. However, butterflies do exhibit a variety of social and anti-social behaviors, depending on the species and the context.

For example, some species of butterflies are known to aggregate in large numbers at specific locations, such as at roosting sites or at feeding sites. This behavior may serve a variety of purposes, such as conserving energy, avoiding predators, or regulating body temperature.

Butterflies may also exhibit social behaviors during courtship and mating, such as displaying their wings or releasing pheromones to attract a mate.

On the other hand, butterflies may also exhibit anti-social behaviors, such as territoriality, in which they defend a specific area or resource from other individuals. Some species of butterflies are also known to be aggressive towards other individuals of the same or different species, and may attack or chase them away.

Overall, the social and anti-social behaviors of butterflies are influenced by a variety of factors, including genetics, environment, and individual experience.

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