Butterfly caterpillars, like most caterpillars, move by using their legs to crawl. They have several pairs of true legs located on their thorax (the middle section of their body), as well as several pairs of prolegs located on their abdomen (the rear section of their body). The prolegs are used to help the caterpillar grip onto surfaces as it moves.

Butterfly caterpillars are usually quite active and are able to crawl quickly over a variety of surfaces, including leaves, twigs, and branches. Some caterpillars are also able to spin silk, which they use to attach themselves to surfaces or to create a protective cocoon around themselves when they are ready to pupate.

When a caterpillar is ready to pupate, it will stop eating and begin looking for a suitable place to pupate. This may be on a leaf, twig, branch, or other surface. Once it has found a suitable spot, the caterpillar will attach itself to the surface using its prolegs and silk, and then shed its skin to reveal a pupa (also known as a chrysalis). The pupa is a hardened, protective case that encases the developing butterfly and is usually green or brown in color to help it blend in with its surroundings.

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