Like all living organisms, butterflies have a unique genetic makeup that determines their physical characteristics and traits. The genetic material of butterflies, like that of other animals, is contained within cells in the form of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid). DNA is a long, complex molecule that is composed of four nucleotide bases: adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine. The sequence of these bases encodes the genetic information that is passed down from generation to generation.

Butterflies have a relatively small genome, with fewer than 200 million base pairs of DNA. However, despite their small size, their genome contains a wealth of information that helps to shape their physical characteristics and behaviors.

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