Climate change is the long-term alteration of temperature and weather patterns, which is caused by the increasing levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This can have a number of impacts on butterfly populations, including changes in their distribution, abundance, and behavior.

One of the main ways in which climate change can affect butterflies is by altering the availability of their host plants and nectar sources. As temperatures and weather patterns change, the distribution and abundance of these plants and sources may also change, which can have an impact on butterfly populations.

Another way in which climate change can affect butterflies is by altering the timing of their life cycle events, such as emergence from the pupal stage, mating, and migration. If these events are out of sync with the availability of host plants and nectar sources, it can have a negative impact on butterfly populations.

Climate change is also increasing the frequency and severity of extreme weather events, such as droughts, heatwaves, and storms, which can have negative impacts on butterfly populations. These events can damage or destroy butterfly habitats, disrupt the availability of food and other resources, and increase the risk of mortality.

Overall, climate change is having a significant impact on butterfly populations around the world, and it is a major threat to the long-term survival of these insects.

Which butterflies are protected or particularly endangered?

Many species of butterflies in Europe are protected or particularly endangered due to habitat loss, pollution, and other human activities. Some examples include:

  • The Marsh Fritillary (Euphydryas aurinia) is an endangered species that lives in wet meadows and marshlands in the Europe, especially in Western Europe.
  • The High Brown Fritillary (Argynnis adippe) is a protected species that lives in damp woodlands and clearings, as well as in mountain meadows in the Europe.
  • The Black-veined White (Aporia crataegi) is a protected species that lives in deciduous and mixed woodlands and forest clearings in the Europe.
  • The Scarce Swallowtail (Iphiclides podalirius) is a protected species that lives in oak forests, riparian forests, and lowland meadows in the Europe.

It is important to note that the laws and regulations regarding protected species vary depending on the country, region and state. It is always best to verify with local authorities or organizations before taking or handling protected species or any wild animals.

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